Tower of London

‘War of the Roses’ is a testable topic in the Life in the UK Test.

This tragic story is related to the War of the Roses. It is NOT a test topic but, it is an interesting story for you to read.

King Edward V was from the House of York that was fighting the House of Lancashire in the War of the Roses. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses and was defeating the Lancashire forces in many wars. He had two very young sons. In April 1483, the King died suddenly. His older son became the monarch as King Edward VI.

King Edward VI and his younger brother Richard

Since King Edward VI, was very young, his uncle, the younger brother of King Edward V, Richard, the Duke of Gloucester was helping with the administration as Lord Protector.

However in June that year, Duke of Gloucester seized the throne as Richard III after declaring his nephews were illegitimate children of his deceased brother.

King Richard III

The deposed young King Edward V and his younger brother Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, were the Princes sent to heavily guarded royal lodgings in the Tower of London. In other words, they were locked up. However, in order to stop them from claiming their rightful claim to the throne as heirs, King Richard III wanted them, ‘no more and so all of a sudden they disappeared, never to be seen again. No one knows what happened to them.

The princes’ fate after their disappearance remains unknown, but the most widely accepted theory is that they were murdered on the orders of their uncle, King Richard III.No one knows what happened to those boys or where they were or where their bodies were buried if they are dead. An author in the early 15th century, Thomas More wrote that they were smothered to death with their pillows, and his account forms the basis of William Shakespeare’s play Richard III, in which Tyrrell murders the princes on Richard’s orders. Bones belonging to two children were discovered in 1674 by workmen rebuilding a stairway in the Tower.

This was 191 years later. On the order of King Charles II, the remains of those were subsequently placed in Westminster Abbey. But the War of the Roses continued and in 1485, at the battle of Bosworth, King Richard III was killed and Henry Tudor of the House of Lancaster became the King. The defeated army of the dead king, hurriedly buried him before they run away from the victorious army of the House of Lancaster.

Such as a strange twist, that again no one knows where he was buried. In 2012, when some workers dug a former car park lot for construction works in Leicester, they found the remains of King Richard III. The remains were carried in procession to the cathedral on 22 March 2015 and reburied on 26 March 2015The remains of the King, on whose order his nephews were killed and the remains were a mystery for 191 years, were too remained a mystery for 527 years.

This is indeed a strange fate.