Queen Victoria’s Coronation

Victoria reigned as Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from June 20th, 1837, until her death in 1901. In 1876, Parliament bestowed upon her the additional title of ‘Empress of India’. Until surpassed by Queen Elizabeth II in 2015, Victoria held the record as the longest-serving queen in British history. She was the last monarch of the House of Hanover.

Victoria survived eight assassination attempts during her 63-year reign, a testament to the turbulent times she lived through. She was the only daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, and the fourth son of King George III. Prince Edward died in January 1820, when Victoria was less than a year old.

King George III was succeeded by his two eldest sons, George IV and William IV. Both of them died without surviving legitimate children, leaving the throne to Victoria, the only legitimate child of the Duke of Kent.

Upon the death of her uncle, William IV, Victoria ascended the throne on June 20th, 1837, at the age of 18. Her coronation followed on June 28th, 1838, at Westminster Abbey. She became the first monarch to reside at Buckingham Palace.

Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert, on February 10th, 1840. Despite initial reservations, she grew deeply devoted to him, documenting her affection in her diary.

Their union produced children who married into royal families across Europe, earning Victoria the title “grandmother of Europe”. Albert’s death in 1861 plunged Victoria into mourning, and she wore black for the rest of her life, withdrawing from public life.

Victoria’s reign saw significant developments, including the formal incorporation of India into the British Empire and her proclamation as Empress of India in 1876. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were celebrated with immense public enthusiasm.

In her later years, Victoria’s close relationship with her Indian servant Abdul Karim caused controversy within the royal household but provided her comfort. She passed away on January 22nd, 1901, at the age of 81, succeeded by her son, Edward VII.

Victoria’s legacy extends globally with numerous landmarks and awards named in her honour, symbolizing her enduring impact on history and culture.