Florence Nightingale was a British and the founder of modern nursing.

She was born in Italy to English parents and trained in Germany as a nurse.

During the Crimean War, deaths were high in hospitals than on the battlefield. Nightingale came to prominence while serving as a manager and trainer of nurses during the Crimean War, in which she organized to care for wounded soldiers.

She was given a medal by Queen Victoria for her work at the Crimean War

Victoria Cross

She worked later in professionalizing nursing roles for women. In 1860, Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school at St Thomas’ Hospital in London.

It was the first secular nursing school in the world and is now part of King’s College London.

In recognition of her pioneering work in nursing, the Nightingale Pledge taken by new nurses, and the Florence Nightingale Medal, the highest international distinction a nurse can achieve, were named in her honor, and the annual International Nurses Day is celebrated on her birthday.

Her social reforms included improving healthcare for all sections of British society, advocating better hunger relief in India, helping to abolish prostitution laws that were harsh for women, and expanding the acceptable forms of female participation in the workforce.

12th of May was her birthday and International Nurses Day.